Reason for Headache that I am Suffering From?


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Evidence Based - Facts Checked

Headache is defined as pain in the head that may extend to your face or upper part of the neck, depending upon the reason. It can sometimes be quite complicated, and diagnosing it may take months and months. It has become one of the most prevalent conditions which every other person is suffering in today’s era.  1Manzoni, G. C. (2020, August 22)    Source-PubMed

Lets save time and jump directly to the reasons for various headache. 

At a glance view

Reasons for Your Headache

Reason for Headache - Migraine Headache
Reason for Headache  - Tension Headache
Reason for Headache - Sinus Headache
Reason for Headache - Cluster Headache
Reason for Headache - Hormone Headache
Reason for Headache - Rebound Headache
Reason for Headache - Thunderclap Headache
Reason for Headache

Now since you had a look at the reasons for various headache, you might want to dig a little more into the details of various types of headache, its symptoms, causes and its treatment. Finally, the highlight of this content; we will discuss how to shortlist the probable cause of your problem with a info-graphics designed by us(This however should not be considered as a replacement of physician’s diagnosis).

Migraine headache is characterized by a pulsing sensation or throbbing pain usually experienced on either side of the head. In some cases, it may be felt in the entire head.  2Weatherall, M. W. (2015, May)       Source-PubMed

If the headache is accompanied by nausea, a sharp sensation for vomiting as well as sensitivity to sound and light, then it is a clear indication of a migraine headache and is also considered as a prominent symptom by physicians to diagnose it. 3Weatherall, M. W. (2015, May)       Source-PubMed

Symptoms to Notice Before the Onset of Migraine Headache 

Following are the symptoms you may experience just before the onset of migraine headache4Burstein, R., Noseda, R., & Borsook, D. (2015, April 29)               Source-Pubmed

  • Fatigue
  • Severe thirst even after consuming water on regular intervals
  • Excessive yawning
  • Discomfort in neck
  • Severe thirst even after consuming water on regular intervals
  • Stomach bloating
  • Frequent urge to pass stool and urine
  • Mood swings
  • Increase in sensitivity to sound, light or smell

Symptoms to Notice After the Onset of Migraine Headache 

The following symptoms start approximately 15-20 minutes after the onset of migraine headaches. A person may experience all or few depending upon the intensity of the problem5Schürks, M., Buring, J. E., & Kurth, T. (2011, May)               Source-Pubmed

.

  • Vomiting Sensation -   A strong urge to vomit and in most cases, patients  tend up vomiting either naturally or forcefully to feel relieved from the pressure built up in the head due to headache.6NH Raskin: Headache Source - 2nd ed. New York, Churchill Livingston, 1988
  • Changes in the Sensory Functions
  • Flashes of sound in the ears
  • Flashes of light, black dots and in some cases, hallucinations
  • Change in sensory functions like touch, smell or/and,  taste
  • Complaints of tunnel vision and in severe cases, the patient might experience blackout for some time
  • Voice - Difficulty in speaking where in some cases the voice become so blatant, that it becomes quite challenging to understand
  • Numbness or tingling in the body
  • Loss of Appetite

Symptoms to Notice After the Offset of Migraine Headache 

Following are the symptoms you may notice, just after the migraine headache subsides7Gupta, R., & Bhatia, M. S. (2011, April)               Source-Pubmed

  • Weakness and random pain in muscles
  • Food craving
  • Mood Swings
  • Crankiness and delightful, because patients feel relieved from the intense pressure built in the head due to migraine

Causes/Triggers of Migraine Headache

What happens during a migraine?

Migraine is triggered due to excessive release of calcitonin gene-related peptide and serotonin. These chemicals cause swelling in the lining of the blood vessels of the brain, resulting in pain and inflammation.8Bahra, A. (2011, December)       Source-PubMed

Triggers for Migraine Headache

Following are some of the triggers that cause excessive secretion of calcitonin gene-related peptide and serotonin:-

  • Stress and wrong ergonomics - Excessive stress and wrong ergonomics lead to stiffness in the neck, shoulders as well as back. It is responsible for triggering the nerve cells and thereby sending signals to the trigeminal nerve. This process causes excessive secretion of calcitonin gene-related peptide and serotonin, which is responsible for causing migraine headaches.
  • Skipping or delaying of meals
  • Weather Changes 
  • change in the wind pressure
  • the difference in altitude leading to change in temperature
  • change in barometric pressure
  • Hormonal Changes
  • due to pregnancy
  • due to ovulation
  • due to menopause
  • due to hormone replacement therapy
  • Food
  • Mono sodium glutamate typically found in fast food, street-side food, and packaged food items
  • excessive consumption of tobacco or alcohol
  • aged cheese
  • carbonated drinks
  • Nitrates as a food additive found in hot dogs and pepperoni
  • Sleep - Lack of sound sleep or sudden changes in the sleep pattern
  • Vasodilator MedicationsMedications like lisinopril, captopril, fosinopril, quinapril etc. can cause migraine headache
  • Triggers affecting sensory functions
  • strong smell
  • continuous loud/irritating noise
  • prolonged exposure to bright light

Note: It is vital to identify the trigger for your migraine as it will help your physician treat you effectively and efficiently

Treatment of Migraine Headache

Broadly, there are three ways to manage migraine headache i.e by adopting changes in the lifestyle, by taking medications or by following alternate forms of treatment.

 1. Lifestyle Changes for the treatment of Migraine Headache
What is the best thing to do for a migraine? 

Adapting changes in the lifestyle is perceived as an one of the most effective ways of managing migraine headache. Following are some of the ways (stress management and changes in dietary and sleep habits ) in which it can be achieved:-

Stress Management

In the majority of cases, the reason for migraine headaches is found to be stress. Various techniques like mindful breathing, meditation, and yoga can prove out to be the panacea. The following yoga poses should be performed daily to manage stress and eventually headache9Kisan, R., Sujan, M., Adoor, M., Rao, R., Nalini, A., Kutty, B. M., . . . Sathyaprabha, T. (2014, July)                      Source-Pubmed

  •  Breathing Exercise
  •  Child Pose
  •   Bridge Pose
  •  Two-Legged Forward Bend
  •  Downward Facing Dog Pose
  •  Cobra Pose
  •  Standing Forward Bend
  •  Side Plank
  •  Corpse Yoga Pose

Note: It is vital to do the exercise in the same sequence, as listed above, for better results. Always end yoga with corpse yoga pose as it helps in cooling down your body to average body temperature

Dietary habits

  •    drink plenty of water
  •    include salad and fruits in your meals and try keeping away     from fast food, pepperoni, hot dog, and street food
  •    have a schedule for your meals

Sleep

  • avoid the use of electronics before sleeping
  • prepare a schedule for sleep
  • make your room dark quiet with temperature in the range of 18 degrees to 26 degrees before sleeping
  • apply ice pack on your head before sleeping

 2. Medications for the Treatment of Migraine Headache10Ong, J. J., & De Felice, M. (2018, April)     Source-Pubmed 

Over the counter Medications

Diclofenac Sodium, acetaminophen (paracetamol), and ibuprofen are some of the over the counter medications which can be taken just before the onset of the migraine, when you start feeling the onset of symptoms. Out of these 3, diclofenac sodium is the most effective.  

Note: Excessive use/ overdose of these OTC medications can cause serious harm to your body. Please seek medical advice before consuming either of these medicines.

Prescription Medications

Your prescription medications may include the following:-

  • Domperidone to relieve nausea
  • Ergotamine, zolmitriptan, almotriptan, sumatriptan etc. to balance chemical secretion in the brain
  • Lasmiditan to alleviate migraine headache due to sensitivity to sound and light
  • Supplements like Coenzyme Q10, Riboflavin and Melatonin
3. Alternate forms of Treatment for Migraine Headache
  • Chiropractic treatment
  • Physiotherapy
  • Acupuncture
  • Craniosacral Therapy
  • Acupressure
  • Massage

2- Tension Headache

Just like migraine headaches, tension headache is also a prevalent problem11Chowdhury, D. (2012, August)         Source-Pubmed, which a majority of individuals suffer from, these days. It is not as horrible as a migraine headache; however, still, it can not be ignored as it disrupts the ability of a human to complete, day to day tasks.

The distinguishing factor about this type of headache is the feeling of pressure or force in the head, eyes, and neck. This type of problem occurs during the latter part of the day and is mainly associated with stress. Physicians, therefore, sometimes refer to tension headaches as a stress headache.

Tension Headache Symptoms   

Tension headache is very easy to diagnose. Following are the noticeable symptoms 12Chowdhury, D. (2012, August)         Source-Pubmed:-

  • Feeling of warmth in scalp and forehead
  • Feeling of heaviness in head, neck, and eyes
  • Tetchiness
  • Muscle ache
  • Difficulty in sleeping

Causes of Tension Headache

Unlike Migraine headache, tension headache is not genetic. The primary reason for it is stress, which may include physical stress, emotional stress, and anxiety 13Chowdhury, D. (2012, August)         Source-Pubmed. Other causes of tension headache are as follows:-

  • Tightening of Muscles due to:-
  • wrong ergonomics
  • lack of proper rest
  • problem in the jaw or ears
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol
  • Excessive consumption of caffeine
  • Low levels of iron in the blood

Treatment of Tension Headache

An ideal way to treat tension headache is by incorporating lifestyle changes however to catalyst the treatment, doctors sometimes prefer prescribing medications. Following are the two ways of treating tension headache:-

 1. Lifestyle Changes for the treatment of Tension Headache
  • Stay away from stress - Since the primary cause of this type of headache is stress, therefore it is essential to rectify and avoid, to the maximum possible extent, the situations that cause stress.
  • Holiday - often if you have a busy and stressful schedule as it will break the chain of stress and headache.
  • Yoga and Exercise - You can do the same yoga steps, as discussed in the migraine headache section.
  • Give up or reduce intake of alcohol and smoking
  • Join comedy clubs to relieve stress
  • Try having a regular and sound sleep

2. Medications for the Treatment of Tension Headache14Chowdhury, D. (2012, August)   Source-Pubmed

Prescription medications for tension headaches usually are based on symptoms experienced by the patient.

Note: A physician may prescribe medicines to relieve you from pain; however, it’s you who has to bring in the change by breaking the vicious cycle of stress and headache.

Over the counter Medications

In case of a minor headache, over the counter (OTC) pain killers can help you; however, it is advised to directly check with your physician which OTC medication would suit you the best.

Prescription Medications

Depending upon the underlying cause of tension headache, your physician may prescribe you anti-depressants, sedatives, or medicine for blood pressure.

3- Sinus Headache

Sinus Headache is caused due to the inflammation of the sinus cavities located behind the forehead, nose, eyes, and cheeks. Inflammation builds up pressure in the head, which results in sinus headaches. The pain can be felt on either side of the head.15Kaur, A., & Singh, A. (2013)           Source-Pubmed  

This type of headache is seasonal, and its trigger depends on the allergen that causes sinusitis (inflammation of the sinus cavities)

Sinus
Headache Symptoms   

  • Running Nose
  • Continuous sneezing
  • Redness in eyes
  • Fatigue
  • Swelling in the face which may result in fever

Causes of Sinus Headache

Sinus headache is caused due to the inflammation (Sinusitis) of the cavity behind the head. An allergen or an infection may cause inflammation in the cavity leading to headaches.

Since it takes time for the human body to subside the infection, therefore this type of headache could be a cause of daily headaches.

Treatment of Sinus Headache

Since in most of the cases, sinus headache is found to be chronic in nature, therefore along with medicines, it makes sense to make use of home remedies to get relief from the misery of sinus headaches, whenever possible. Following are the various ways of treating sinus headaches:-

 1. Home Remedies for the Treatment of Sinus Headache Treatment
  • Saline Drops and Humidifier - Use saline drops and humidifier to help release the congestion from the nasal cavity
  • Steam - Inhaling of steam also helps in relieving the congestion from the nasal cavity
  • Hot Soup - Hot chicken or vegetable soup helps in reducing the inflammation in the cavity and provides instant relief
  • Force Exhale - Post steam, press the sinus pressure points present around the inflamed cavity, and then release it through the nose, by forcefully exhaling it. The illustrative video is there in section above.

Note: -This may cause irritation to the inner canal of ear in some patients. 16 T.R Harrison, J.D Wilson, et al, Principles of Internal Medicine, 20th Edition)

  • Yoga17Nair, S. (2012, June)           Source-Pubmed Practice breathing exercises like 'Kapalbhati’, and ‘Anulom Vilom’. It helps in releasing the congestion built up in the cavity, naturally.         
2. Medications for the Treatment of Sinus Headache Treatment

Over the counter Medications

Tylenol or Advil can help you decrease the headache due to sinus. These medications will not treat the infection in the cavity; instead, it will reduce the pain so that you can continue with your day to day work.

Note: Excessive use/ overdose of these OTC medications can cause serious harm to your body. Please consult your physician before consuming these medicines.

Prescription Medications

Your physician may prescribe antihistamines, decongestants, and mucolytics. In cases of severe infection, antibiotics might also be prescribed.

3. Surgery for the Treatment of Sinus Headache Treatment

In severe cases where sinus becomes chronic, balloon sinuplasty might be recommended by your physician.

4- Cluster Headache

Cluster headache is a rare form of headache. It causes intense pain and occurs cyclically, i.e., generally at the same time every day. It is, therefore, also known as cluster headache.18Wei, D. Y., Yuan Ong, J. J., & Goadsby, P. J. (2018, April)           Source-Pubmed

Piercing and severe burning pain is the distinguishable characteristic of cluster headache. In the majority of cases, it has been observed that the patient gets episodes of cluster headache in the night while sleeping.

Cluster 
Headache Symptoms   

  • Pain - An intense pain on one side of the head and may radiate to the area behind the eyes
  • Eyes - Redness in the eye and excessive watering. Some patients complain about sensitivity to lights too. Further, the pupil may appear constricted, and the swelling can be noticed under the eyes.
  • The face may become red. Patient’s face may feel warm because of the flashes
  • Nausea
  • Running nose with congestion
  • Mood swings with episodes of irritability

Causes of Cluster Headache

Cluster headache is caused when a nerve pathway (which includes the trigeminal nerve) in the brain gets activated. The trigger seeds deep inside the brain located near the hypothalamus. The trigeminal nerve causes flashes of redness and pain in the face and behind the eyes, respectively.  It further branches to the forehead and the jaw and thereby may extend the pain along with its branches. 

Following are some of the triggers that may cause cluster headache:-

  • Pungent smell
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol

Treatment of Cluster Headache

There are three ways to treat and manage cluster headache i.e. home remedies, medications or surgery. Following is a detailed explanation:-

 1. Home Remedies for the Treatment of Cluster Headache Treatment
  • Yoga- Deep breathing exercise, provides instant relief from the headache19SD;, K. (2015)              Source-Pubmed  . Regular practice helps in curing cluster headache. The illustration of how to do the exercise is shared in the section above.
  • Stay away from smoking and alcohol
  • Ice Pack - Use ice pack on the affected area where you feel the pain. This will help in reducing the pain 
 2. Medications for the Treatment of Cluster Headache Treatment

Following are the prescription medicines20Brandt, R. B., Doesborg, P. G., Haan, J., Ferrari, M. D., & Fronczek, R. (2020, February)              Source-Pubmed that your physician can prescribe depending upon the symptoms:-

  • Oxygen therapy - is quite effective in treating cluster headaches. Your physician shall arrange it for you in the hospital or clinic
  • Dihydroergotamine Injection (DHE) - In cases of extreme pain, your physician may decide to inject DHE. It provides relief from pain within 5 minutes
  • Zolmitriptan or Sumatriptan - is prescribed to provide relief from pain
  • Topical Ointment - Capsaicin cream can be applied topically on the area where the pain is happening. It provides instant relief to the patient
  • Symptomatic Treatment Medications for Cluster Headache- Depending upon the symptoms that you experience during the episode of cluster headache, your physician may prescribe you preventive medications, which, if taken before the onset of the headache, can prevent cluster headache.  Some of these medications are anti-depressants, medicines for blood pressure, lithium carbonate, prednisone, and muscle relaxants.
 3. Surgery for the Treatment of Cluster Headache Treatment

In severe cases, your physician may decide to block the trigeminal nerve to provide permanent relief from headaches; however, it may cause permanent numbness of the facial muscles.

5- Hormone Headache

Hormone headaches usually are experienced by females and are caused as a result of fluctuations in the level of hormones.21Sacco, S., Ricci, S., Degan, D., & Carolei, A. (2012, April)              Source-Pubmed

How long do menstrual headache last?

The episodes of hormone headaches are experienced typically 2-3 days before the start of the mensuration cycle and end 2-3 days post the beginning of the mensuration cycle. This type of headache, if caused due to the changes in estrogen during mensuration, is termed as Menstrual Migraine. The symptoms of menstrual migraine resemble to those of migraine headaches.

Menstrual 
Headache Symptoms   

What does a hormonal headache feel like?
  • Shooting pain on either side of the head
  • Increase in the appetite
  • Sensitivity to flashes of light and loud sound
  • A sharp sensation of nausea and vomiting
  • A decrease in the frequency of urination
  • Pain in joints and fatigue
  • In some cases, women may experience acne

Causes of Menstrual Migraine/Hormone Headache

The main cause of hormone headaches and menstrual migraine is fluctuation in the levels of estrogen in the body. Following are some of the reasons for the variations in the level of estrogen:-

  • HRT - Hormone Replacement Therapy - Women take estrogen pills to maintain the estrogen levels in the body, which happens to fall during menopause. Some medicines can cause a sudden rise in the estrogen levels and therefore cause hormone headaches
  • Fluctuations in Estrogen during Pregnancy - Women experience a rise in estrogen levels during the first three months of pregnancy, resulting in hormone headaches.
  • Pills for Birth Control
  • Menstruation - It results in menstrual migraine due to the sudden drop in estrogen levels in the body
  • Pre-menopause and Menopause - In both of these phases, the estrogen levels fluctuate very frequently, leading to hormone headaches as well as a tension headache

Treatment of Hormone Headache / Menstrual Migraine

Menstrual headache can be managed with the help of home remedies and medications. 

 1. Home Remedies for the Treatment of Hormone Headache / Menstrual Migraine
How do you get rid of hormonal headaches naturally?
  • Herbs - Feverfew or Butterbur herbs can help in relieving you from hormone headache. Be careful when you purchase it from the pharmacy and make sure there aren’t any other supplements added as it may cause severe side effects in the body.  
  • Ice Pack - Applying an ice pack in the area where you feel the pain (head, neck, etc) can provide steady relief
  • Massage - A helping hand for massage can provide you relief from the headache
  • Breathing Exercise - Yoga - Breathing exercises like ‘Kapalbhati’ and ‘Anulom Vilom’ can help give you instant results. For illustration of how these exercises are done, please refer to the section above.
 2. Medications for the Treatment of Hormone Headache / Menstrual Migraine22Macgregor, E. A. (2009, September)              Source-Pubmed

Over the counter Medications

  • Pain killers like ibuprofen or naproxen sodium
  • Antioxidants like CoenzymenQ helps in preventing episodes of hormone headaches
  • Vitamin B12 (Riboflavin) - helps in preventing episodes of menstrual migraine
  • Magnesium - Magnesium deficiency acts as a trigger for hormone headaches. Maintaining the levels with magnesium supplement can help in preventing hormone headache

Note: Excessive use/ overdose of these OTC medications can cause serious harm to your body. Please consult your physician before consuming these medicines

Prescription Medications

In case if you are already consuming birth control pills or have undergone hormone replacement therapy, do let your physician know about it. This will help him in deciding an efficient treatment regime for you.

Following are some of the prescription medications that your physician might prescribe:-

  • Triptans (sumatriptan) along with Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs provides relief from headache and menstrual migraine
  • Dihydroergotamine - Depending upon the symptoms, your physician instead of prescribing Triptan may prescribe Dihydroergotamine

6- Rebound Headache

Rebound headache is caused due to non-compliance with the recommended medication dose23Aleksenko, D. (2020, July 02)             Source-Pubmed. When over the counter pain killers are consumed in excess (more than the prescribed/labeled dose), it results in rebound headache.

Rebound 
Headache Symptoms   

What does a rebound headache feel like?
  • Feeling of restlessness
  • Loss of memory
  • Mood swings
  • Intense headache in the morning which may wake up an individual from sleep
  • Nausea and Urge to Vomit

Causes of Rebound Headache

Rebound headache is caused due to an overdose of pain killers. It leads to addiction to pain killers as an individual gets stuck in the vicious cycle of headaches and pain killers.

Let’s understand this with the help of an example. The recommended adult dose for acetaminophen is 500mg every 6 hours. An individual had a headache, and he consumed acetaminophen 1000 mg every 6 hours. The overdose not only will affect his liver functioning but will also cause a severe headache. Further, when the drug excretes out of the body, the withdrawal effect will again cause headaches, to treat which, the patient will again consume acetaminophen, and the vicious cycle continues from here on.24Fischer, M. A. (2020, June 30)             Source-Pubmed

Treatment of Rebound Headache

The best way to break the vicious cycle of pain killer and rebound headache is through alternate form of treatment. Following are some of the ways of treating rebound headache. Further, to supplement the treatment, your physician might advise you some strategies to detoxify you body, which are also discussed below:-


 1. Home Remedies for the Treatment of Rebound Headache
How do you get rid of rebound headaches naturally?

Acupressure for Rebound Headache Relief

Pressing the right acupressure points can provide you instant relief from headaches. This will help you treat the problem without consuming pain killer and will finally help you, come out of the vicious cycle of headache and pain killer

  • Acupressure Point 1

Apply pressure on the flesh in between the thumb and the index finger. Press 10 – 15 times and repeat 3-4 times a day.

Acupressure
  • Acupressure Point 2
Apply pressure on the sunny side of the palm, near the thumb. Press 10 – 12 times and repeat 3-4 times a day
Acupressure
  • Acupressure Point 3
While holding the flesh in the eyebrow region, move your fingers (still holding the tissue) from center to extreme ends and then back to center. Repeat it 5 – 8 times a day
  • Acupressure Point 4
Press the point just below the index toe. Press 10 – 15 times and repeat 3-4 times a day. You might need a helping hand for pressing this point
Acupressure

Yoga

Breathing exercises like ‘Anulom Vilom’, ‘Kapalbhati’ can help break the loop of headache and need for pain killers. To know, how its done, please check the section above.

Further various asanas like ‘Sun Salutation’ and ‘Child Pose’ can further help in relieving the problem.

Note: Always end yoga by cooling down your body. The easiest way to do it is to lie down on the mat for 5 minutes after completing the exercise.

Ice Pack

Apply an ice pack on the area where you feel the pain in the head. This will help in providing temporary relief and will help you psychologically to avoid taking pain killer, which is very important to treat rebound headaches.

Peppermint Oil

The use of topical peppermint oil provides a soothing effect and helps in escaping the need to consume a pain killer for headaches. To use it, you can put a few drops of the oil in your bathwater, and it will feel relieved. Alternatively, you can also put peppermint oil in water and inhale it through steam.

Avoid Caffeine and Soda

Consuming caffeine or soda may increase the intensity of the rebound headache

 2. Clinical Treatment of Rebound Headache
  • Tapering down of dose - After documenting medication history and current medications, your physician will analyze the medicines that might be contributing to medication overuse headache. After that, a dose taper down plan will be prescribed, following which, you will be able to break the headache cycle.
  • Medication Overuse Headache Detox - In cases where the episodes of rebound headache become chronic, your physician may advise you for detoxification. It may require you to be hospitalized as the first few weeks of rehab invites regular episodes of headache, and therefore, it needs to be monitored by a medical specialist.

Ultimately, you will be able to get rid of rebound headaches!

7- Thunderclap Headache

A thunderclap headache is quite a horrible form of headache which is known for causing unbearable pain. The apparent symptoms, apart from a painful headache are nausea and vomiting.25Ferrante, E., Tassorelli, C., Rossi, P., Lisotto, C., & Nappi, G. (2011, April) Source-Pubmed

Are thunderclap headaches serious?

Yes, it’s a serious form of headache. It triggers all of a sudden, may last for a few minutes, and then disappear. Patients who experience this type of problem require immediate hospitalization. You should rush to emergency department in case if you experience thunderclap headache.

Thunderclap 
Headache Symptoms   

What does a thunderclap headache feel like?
  • A sudden headache like a strike of thunder and after that it disappears
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • In some cases, the patient might experience seizures
  • Weakness along with numbness

Causes of Thunderclap Headache

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage - Arteries carry blood to various organs of the body, including the brain. When bleeding happens from the arteries in the area around the brain, it causes thunderclap headaches. This condition is also called as subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Aneurysm - It is a condition in which an artery bursts from the area where it becomes weak or swollen
  • Spinal Fluid - Due to the seepage of the spinal fluid, thunderclap headaches are caused
  • High Blood Pressure - During the third trimester of pregnancy, having extremely high blood pressure can cause thunderclap headaches
  • Inflammation in the blood vessels also leads to thunderclap headache 
  • Injury in the head
  • Narrowing of the blood vessels near the brain
  • Blockage of the veins in the head
  • Stroke – Ischemic stroke and Hemorrhagic Stroke
Triggering Factors for thunderclap headaches?

Arduous physical labor under unfavorable temperature is the most common trigger for a thunderclap headache

Treatment of Thunderclap Headache

Thunderclap headache, if not diagnosed or treated well on time, can cause severe damage to your body. Depending on the cause of thunderclap headaches, the physicians plan the treatment and medication regime.

Infographic - Types of Headache

Note: This should not be considered as a substitute for a clinical judgement made by your physician. 



This content is medically reviewed by Dr. Sharwari Dabhade Dua and written by Puneet Utreja

Last Medical Review Date - 30th August 2020


Exercises and Yoga poses are reviewed by Ritu Kapoor and written by Puneet Utreja

Last Review Date - 30th August 2020


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